Outer ear infection


The outer ear is that part of your ear that extends out from your eardrum to the outside of your head. An outer ear infection is also known as otitis externa. An outer ear infection often starts as an itchy rash.

An outer ear infection is sometimes called swimmer’s ear. That’s because it often starts as a result of water that remains in your ear after swimming or bathing. The moisture becomes a breeding ground for bacteria.

What causes an outer ear infection?

  • Swimming (or probably even bathing or showering too frequently) will result in Associate in Nursing external ear infection. The water left within the {ear willal|auditory meatus|acoustic meatus|auditory canal|external auditory canal|meatus} can become a piece of land for the microorganism.
  • An infection can even occur if the skinny layer of skin that lines the auditory meatus is hors de combat. Intense scratching, victimization headphones, or putting cotton swabs in your ear will harm these delicate cells. once the layer of skin becomes broken and inflamed, it will give a grip for the microorganism.
  • Cerumen, or earwax, is that the ear’s natural defense against infection, however constant exposure to wet and scratching will eat the ear of wax, creating infections additional probably.layer of skin becomes damaged and inflamed, it can provide a foothold for bacteria.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of otitis externa include:

  • swelling
  • heat
  • redness
  • discharge of pus
  • excessive fluid drainage
  • muffled or diminished hearing
  • pain or discomfort in the ear
  • itching

Severe pain in the head, neck or face can indicate that the infection has advanced considerably. Symptoms accompanied by a fever or swollen lymph nodes may also indicate advancing infection. If you have ear pain with any of these symptoms, see your doctor right away.



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Natural Ear Infection Remedies


Salt is maybe the foremost thirstily offered home tonic.

  • Heat up one cup of salt in a pan over low heat for a couple of minutes. you’ll conjointly heat it in a very microwave or double-boiler.
  • Place the recent salt on an artifact and seal the open finish with the elastic device (or tie a knot).
  • When it’s bearably hot, lay down and place the material on the affected ear for five to ten minutes.
  • Repeat this remedy daily as again and again as required. the warmth generated from the sock can facilitate delay fluid from the ear and relieve swelling and pain.


Garlic has antimicrobial properties and natural pain relieving qualities, creating it extremely useful within the treatment of ear infections. There are a couple of ways in which to use garlic as a home treatment.

Make garlic oil by cookery 2 garlic cloves in 2 tablespoons of mustard oil or oil till it turns achromatic. Strain the answer. once it’s bearably hot, use 3 to four drops of this oil within the infected ear as ear drops.

Apple vinegar

  • To get obviate the plant life that will be inflicting the ear infection, apple vinegar may be a smart choice.
  • Mix one half apple vinegar with Associate in Nursing equal quantity of alcohol or water. Steep a plant disease within the answer.
  • Put the plant disease in your ear sort of a plug and leave it for concerning six minutes.
  • Remove the plant disease and lay down on your opposite aspect to empty the liquid from the ear. Use a blow dryer to dry your ear the maximum amount as potential.

Warm bottle

  • As shortly as potential, apply some heat to the infected ear. this can quickly relieve a number of the pain and can conjointly stop micro-organism infestation.
  • Press a heat bottle or heater against the ear.
  • You can conjointly use a heat compress. Dip a clean flannel in lukewarm water, ring out the surplus water so place the flannel on the infected ear.
  • Do not apply heat to the ear for long periods of your time. begin with 5 minutes, take away the warmth for a short time so repeat the procedure as required.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is understood for its capability to spice up immune health, and analysis has completely shown however it will facilitate once it involves ear infections. A case-control study revealed within the Norwegian journal Acta Paediatrica in 2017 found that the chance of chronic otitis with effusion is often bated by increasing body fluid levels of cholecalciferol through improved sun exposure, higher dietary intake of cholecalciferol yet as cholecalciferol supplementation.


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Middle ear infection


A middle ear infection is also known as otitis media. It’s caused by fluid trapped behind the eardrum, which causes the eardrum to bulge. An ear infection (acute otitis media) is most often a bacterial or viral infection that affects the middle ear, the air-filled space behind the eardrum that contains the tiny vibrating bones of the ear.



Signs and symptoms common in children include:
  • Tugging or pulling at an ear
  • Ear pain, especially when lying down
  • Crying more than usual
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Difficulty hearing or responding to sounds
  • Acting more irritable than usual
  • Fever of 100 F (38 C) or higher
  • Loss of balance
  • Drainage of fluid from the ear
  • A headache
  • Loss of appetite


Common signs and symptoms in adults include:
  • Ear pain
  • Diminished hearing
  • Drainage of fluid from the ear

When to see a doctor

Signs and symptoms of an ear infection can point to a number of situation. It’s significant to get a perfect diagnosis and prompt treatment. Call your child’s doctor if:

  • Symptoms last for more than a day
  • Ear pain is severe
  • Symptoms are present in a child less than 6 months of age
  • You observe an ejection of fluid, pus or bloody discharge from the ear
  • Your infant or child is irritable or sleepless after a cold or other upper respiratory infection
  • An adult with ear pain or discharge should see a doctor as soon as possible.


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About Ear Infections

General idea

Ear infections may be more common in children than in adults, but grown-ups are still liable to these infections. Unlike childhood ear infections, which are often minor and pass quickly, adult ear infections are repeated signs of a more serious health problem.


Proper treatment for your ear infection should eradicate any complications. If you let an ear infection go too long without treatment, you risk permanent hearing loss and possibly having the infection spread to other parts of your head. If you suppose that you may have an ear infection, have it checked out by our doctor.


Ear infections are frequently caused by bacterial infections. But whether you get an outer or middle ear infection depends on how you become infected.


  • Make sure you dry your ears completely after taking a shower or swimming. Keep your ears clean by washing them and using a cotton swab carefully
  • Don’t smoke, and avoid secondhand smoke as much as you can.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly, and try to avoid people who have colds or other upper respiratory problems.
  • Manage your allergies by avoiding triggers and keeping up with allergy medications.
  • Make sure your vaccines are up to date.


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Ear correction surgery

Ear correction surgery is cosmetic surgery to modify the shape or size of the ears or pin them back if they stick out.

Pinning back the ears is known as an otoplasty or pinnaplasty. It’s usually carried out on children and young teenagers, though adults may wish to have it done, too.

An otoplasty is not suitable for children younger than five as their ears will still be developing and growing.

How much does it cost?

In the UK, ear correction surgery costs about £2,500-£3,500, plus the cost of any consultations or follow-up care that may be needed.

It would only be approved out on the NHS under exceptional circumstances – for example, in rare cases where a person’s ears are causing them significant psychological suffering.

 What does it involve?

An otoplasty for an older child or adult can be done under local anesthetic by either a plastic surgeon or an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgeon.

It generally involves:
  • scoring and stitching the remaining structure into the desired shape and position
  • making one small cut (incision) behind the ear to expose the ear cartilage
  • removing small pieces of cartilage if necessary

Side effects to expect

After ear correction surgery, it is common to have:
  • slight bruising around the ears
  • a small scar behind each ear
  • numbness, soreness or tingling in the ears
  • These symptoms should fade over time.

What could go wrong

Ear correction surgery can occasionally result in:
  • inflammation of the ear cartilage
  • stiff ears  – it can take several months for them to become flexible again
  • a blood clot forming in the skin of the ear
  • the surgery not being successful and the ears starting to protrude again
Any type of operation also carries a small risk of:
  • the ears no longer being symmetrical
  • excessive bleeding
  • infection where the cut was made
  • an allergic reaction to the anesthetic

The surgeon should make clear how likely these risks and complications are and how they would be treated if they occurred.


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Mixed hearing loss

What is it?

Mixed hearing loss has elements of both conductive hearing loss and sensorineural hearing loss. This means there is damage to both the outer and inner ear. The outer ear cannot conduct sound properly to the inner ear, and the inner ear can’t process the sound to be sent to the brain. The sensorineural component (inner ear) is usually permanent, but the conductive hearing loss (outer ear) may not be. Many people with mixed hearing loss experience sounds as very soft in volume and difficult to understand.


Mixed hearing loss commonly occurs when the ear sustains some sort of trauma. It can also happen gradually over time when one hearing loss is compounded by another. For example, an individual with a long-standing conductive hearing loss might experience presbycusis as they age. Alternatively, an individual with sensorineural hearing loss may have a temporary mixed hearing loss due to wax impaction.

Symptoms of mixed hearing loss

The symptoms of a mixed hearing loss are reduced hearing in one or both ears (bilateral mixed hearing loss).

Treatment of mixed hearing loss

  • Hearing aids can often help people with mixed hearing loss. Behind-the-ear (BTE) style hearing aids may be the prescribed option, because their additional power is sometimes needed to address severe-to-profound sensorineural hearing loss.
  • Cochlear implants are also an option that can be used to address the sensorineural aspect of mixed hearing loss.
  • Conductive hearing loss can sometimes be treated with surgery, particularly in the case of a tumor or blockage.


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Top 7 Things You need to Know about Hearing Loss

  • Hearing loss is considered to be the third most common physical condition after arthritis and heart disease. It is also a major public health issue, since nearly 60{754741679431ceb09efae6e94320565469f785b1bbff1b66db1121ae80245ef8} of hearing loss patients are either in the workforce or in educational settings.
  • Hearing loss may be sudden, gradual or congenital. Sudden hearing loss is often noise-induced and can occur due to exposure to an excessively hazardous level of noise. For example, sudden noise-induced hearing from gunfire and explosions is the number one disability caused by combat in current wars.
  • Congenital (from birth) hearing loss that occurs in some children has a genetic cause. There are 400 known causes of genetic hearing loss, out of which most occur without any other symptoms apart from hearing loss.

  • Referred to as an “invisible condition,” hearing loss has symptoms that cannot be seen. You can only notice its effects, which are often confused with aloofness, confusion or personality changes.
  • In adults, hearing loss increases with age and is often confused with, or complicates, such conditions as dementia. Age-related hearing loss, known as presbycusis, is characterized by changes in the inner ear that happen as you get older and cause a slow but steady hearing loss. The loss may be mild or severe, but it is always permanent.
  • Ringing in the ears, or tinnitus, is a common companion of hearing loss. It is often considered to be just as debilitating as hearing loss itself, as patients seek medical assistance to deal with this irksome condition.
  • If left untreated, hearing loss can lead to cognitive decline. One of the best ways to prevent this is by using hearing aids.  These small instruments can be worn outside or inside the ear (almost invisible to the outside world) and help patients hear accurately and combat symptoms like tinnitus.


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Sensorineural hearing loss and It’s Causes

Sensorineural Hearing Loss

A sensorineural hearing loss happens when there is damage in your inner ear. Audiologists can help if you have this type of hearing loss.

What are the signs?

When present in both ears, sensorineural hearing loss will mean you may have difficulty understanding, even when speech seems loud enough. When in one ear, you may have difficulty locating sounds or hearing in background noise.

Causes of sensorineural hearing loss

  • Noise exposure – Sensorineural hearing loss can be caused by loud noise exposure, which can lead to damage
  • in the inner ear
    Aging – Aging is a main cause of all types of hearing loss – and therefore also sensorineural hearing loss
    Illnesses and conditions – Sensorineural hearing loss can be caused by several health conditions including:
    meningitis, Ménière’s disease, acoustic neuroma, multiple sclerosis, and malformation of the inner ear
  • Genetic or hereditary conditions – Genetic sensorineural hearing loss may affect infants from birth or develop later in life
  • Head trauma – Injuries to the head can cause damage to the inner ear, which in turn causes sensorineural hearing loss
  • Drugs and medication – Sensorineural hearing loss can be a side-effect of certain medications and cancer treatment
  • Congenital and birth-related hearing loss – Injections during pregnancy, complications during birth, premature birth, and hereditary predispositions can all cause sensorineural hearing loss in newborns
  • Treatment for sensorineural hearing loss
  • There is no cure for sensorineural hearing loss, but hearing aids can help people with sensorineural hearing loss to hear better. The best way to diagnose and treat sensorineural hearing loss is to visit a hearing professional for a full hearing evaluation.


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Tips For Preventing hearing loss

It’s not always possible to prevent hearing loss, but there are some simple things you can do to reduce the risk of damaging your hearing.

 Avoid Too Much Noise

How loud is too loud? If you have to shout over the noise around you, it’s loud enough to damage your hearing. Sounds from motorcycles, concert speakers, power tools like saws and drills, earphones, and more are all loud enough to make a difference.

Limit Loud Sounds in Your Life

Sometimes you can’t avoid the blare of an ambulance siren or the jackhammer on your street corner. But it’s best to limit the amount of time you’re around them. Noise-induced hearing loss is a result of the loudness of sounds and how long you hear them.

Wear Hearing Protection

wearing ear protection (such as ear defenders) if you work in a noisy environment, such as a garage workshop or a building site; special vented earplugs that allow some noise in are also available for musicians

Don’t Smoke

Tobacco can make you more likely to lose your hearing, too, research shows. So if you light up, that’s one more good reason to quit. If you aren’t a smoker, avoid breathing secondhand smoke.

Remove Earwax Properly

A buildup of wax in your ears can muffle sound. But don’t use a cotton swab to clean them out — they can push wax deeper in. Instead, use an at-home irrigation kit to soften wax and gently wash it out. If it gets compacted in your ear, your doctor may need to remove it.

Have Your Hearing Tested

  • Make an appointment to get a hearing test if you:
  • Have close relatives with hearing loss
  • Have trouble hearing conversations
  • Are around loud noises on a regular basis
  • Often hear ringing in your ears



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Conductive hearing loss occurs when there is a problem with the way sound is conducted to the inner ear and a structure called the cochlea. The problem may lie in the ear canal, eardrum (tympanic membrane), or the middle ear (ossicles and Eustachian tube). The inner ear remains unaffected in this type of hearing loss.

Types of conductive hearing loss

There are several types of conductive hearing loss. Some types of conductive hearing loss can be corrected with hearing aids. If the Corti organ in the cochlea functions normally, hearing aids can help transmit sound in in the outer or middle ear. Other types of conductive hearing loss can be treated medically or surgically.

What are the symptoms?

People with conductive hearing loss will find soft sounds difficult to hear at all pitches, both low and high.

  • That sounds are muffled
  • That sounds are very low or quiet

Causes of Conductive Hearing Loss

  • Some causes of conductive hearing loss can include:
  • Fluid in your middle ear from colds or allergies.
  • Ear infection, or otitis media. Otitis is a term used to mean ear infection, and media means middle.
  • Poor Eustachian tube function. The Eustachian tube connects your middle ear and your nose. Fluid in the middle ear can drain out through this tube. Fluid can stay in the middle ear if the tube does not work correctly.
  • A hole in your eardrum.
  • Benign tumors. These tumors are not cancer but can block the outer or middle ear.
  • Accumulation of ear wax
  • Infection in the ear canal, called external otitis. You may hear this called swimmer’s ear.
  • An object stuck in your outer ear. An example might be if your child put a pebble in his ear when playing outside.
  • A problem with how the outer or middle ear is formed. Some people are born without an outer ear. Some may have a deformed ear canal or have a problem with the bones in their middle ear.
  • Cholesteatoma – A growth in the middle ear
  • Otosclerosis – An abnormal bone growth near the middle ear.


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