Outer ear infection

Overview

The outer ear is that part of your ear that extends out from your eardrum to the outside of your head. An outer ear infection is also known as otitis externa. An outer ear infection often starts as an itchy rash.

An outer ear infection is sometimes called swimmer’s ear. That’s because it often starts as a result of water that remains in your ear after swimming or bathing. The moisture becomes a breeding ground for bacteria.

What causes an outer ear infection?

  • Swimming (or probably even bathing or showering too frequently) will result in Associate in Nursing external ear infection. The water left within the {ear willal|auditory meatus|acoustic meatus|auditory canal|external auditory canal|meatus} can become a piece of land for the microorganism.
  • An infection can even occur if the skinny layer of skin that lines the auditory meatus is hors de combat. Intense scratching, victimization headphones, or putting cotton swabs in your ear will harm these delicate cells. once the layer of skin becomes broken and inflamed, it will give a grip for the microorganism.
  • Cerumen, or earwax, is that the ear’s natural defense against infection, however constant exposure to wet and scratching will eat the ear of wax, creating infections additional probably.layer of skin becomes damaged and inflamed, it can provide a foothold for bacteria.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of otitis externa include:

  • swelling
  • heat
  • redness
  • discharge of pus
  • excessive fluid drainage
  • muffled or diminished hearing
  • pain or discomfort in the ear
  • itching

Severe pain in the head, neck or face can indicate that the infection has advanced considerably. Symptoms accompanied by a fever or swollen lymph nodes may also indicate advancing infection. If you have ear pain with any of these symptoms, see your doctor right away.